Designation date: 2010 Dalby Square, Arthur and Dalby Roads were designated a a Conservation Area in 2010 - the first part of the historic ward of Cliftonville Ward to be so designated. The Square itself comprises very large terraced houses fronting a central garden. All properties were built in the 1870s with slightly smaller terraced houses in Arthur and Dalby Roads built in the 1880s and 90s. All have elaborate decorative detailing. Dalby Square is in LSOA Thanet, the fourth most deprived lower super output area in England out of 34,844. The Conservation Area is made up of 85% privately rented properties mostly owned by absentee landlords and has a transient population : 60% stay in area less than a year. The community and the local authority have used Dalby Square's Conservation Area status to reinvigorate the buildings of the ward which are almost entirely 19th century. The initial designation of the Square has led to a further six designations so that now over 50% of Cliftonville West is now a Conservation Area. Through a £2.8m Townscape Heritage Initiative grant, co-funded by the Council and Heritage Lottery Fund, has funded 50 individual grants. Projects supported by the THI include the repurposing of a closed hotel built in 1895 (12 Arthur Road) back into a guest house, much improved street lighting and reclaimed gardens. Working with the Technology Strategy Board, the Council and Kent School of Architecture studied a 500m2 house in the Square to see how it would perform environmentally in 2080. It was discovered that due to their massive construction and high volume rooms the buildings of the Square performed much better in a hot environment than 20th century housing. Markedly, the open staircase which runs between basement and third floor' acts as a ventilation stack' passively cooling the houses in the summer. In addition, the recommendations of the climate change project have been built into one of the 1870 terraced houses. Additionally, this house has been adapted to accommodate a multi-generational family without the sub-division of the staircase or the provision of fire doors. The environmental performance of the house and the way the multi-generational family occupy it are being monitored and will be the subject of a climate change adaptation toolkit which will be applicable to historic seaside towns throughout the country. In short, this Conservation Area is being nominated as a prime example of how a notoriously run down district can indeed be turned around and meet present and future challenges. 17. Dalby Conservation Area, Margate, South East